Thomas Potter

Thomas Potter

Thomas Potter, the third son of John Potter, was born in 1774. John Potter had been a draper in Tadcaster, but sold his shop and used the capital to invest in a cotton business in Cannon Street, Manchester. Thomas and his two brothers William and Richard all worked for their father and eventually became partners in the company.

Although fairly rich, John Potter and his sons were all Unitarians who had a deep concern for the poor. John Potter held meetings at his home for other liberals in Manchester. Members of the group included John Shuttleworth, John Edward Taylor, Archibald Prentice, Absalom Watkin, Joseph Brotherton and William Cowdray. The group that Prentice called the 'little circle' was strongly influenced by the ideas of Jeremy Bentham and Joseph Priestley. The Potters objected to a system that denied such important industrial cities as Manchester, Leeds and Birmingham, representation in the House of Commons.

After the death of John Potter, Thomas and Richard continued with the campaign for reform. In December 1830, Thomas Potter and Richard Potter joined Abasolm Watkin, John Shuttleworth, Mark Philips, William Harvey and William Baxter in a group campaigning for moderate parliamentary reform. They proposed that the seats of rotten boroughs convicted of gross electoral corruption should be transferred to industrial towns. Boroughs such as Penryn and East Retford were targeted but Parliament refused to take action.

In 1831 Absalom Watkin was given the task of drawing up the petition asking the government to grant Manchester two Members of Parliament. As a result of the 1832 Reform Act Manchester had its first two Members of Parliament, Mark Philips and Charles Poulett Thompson.

Whereas Richard Potter became M.P. for Wigan but Potter concentrated on local politics. Between 1832 and 1835 Potter led a successful campaign in Manchester against church rates. After the passing of the Municipal Corporations Act in 1835 Thomas was elected to the borough council and in 1838 became Manchester's first mayor. In 1840 Thomas Potter was granted a knighthood.

Thomas Potter died in March, 1845.

John Shuttleworth and John Edward Taylor could sell their cotton to men who could not buy it cheaper elsewhere. In like manner, Thomas and Richard Potter could sell their fustians, Joseph Brotherton and William Harvey their yarns, Baxter his ginghams and shirtings, and I my fine Glasgow muslins. And yet our position was uncomfortable. We were safe ourselves, but every day brought us report of wrong and outrage done to our humble fellow countrymen - wrong and outrage which we felt could not fully redress. We thought, in our own cheerful homes, of the poor men in prison for alleged political offences - the main offence being that they, like ourselves, were of opinion that our representative system was susceptible of amendment. The whole aspect of society was unfavourable. The rich seemed banded together to deny the possession of political rights; and the poor seemed to be banding themselves together in an implacable hatred to their employers, who were regarded as their oppressors.

Attended the public meeting on the rejection of the Reform Bill. It began at eleven o'clock in the Riding School but was immediately adjourned to Camp Field. There were between 80,000 and 100,000 people present at the height of the demonstration. Thomas Potter was persuaded to take the chair. He climbed on to the cart with Archibald Prentice, John Shuttleworth and Mark Philips. Our leaders battled with the crowd until four in the afternoon and all that time did we stand on our wagon, squeezed, elbowed, threatened and in danger, in the midst of a furious mob. At last, after protesting against it, Thomas Potter was compelled to put a mangled version of our address praying for annual Parliaments, universal suffrage and vote by ballot and we left the ground, tired, baffled and exhausted but congratulating ourselves upon having escaped personal violence and avoided endangering the peace of the town.

Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900/Potter, Thomas (1718-1759)

POTTER, THOMAS (1718–1759), wit and politician, second son of John Potter (1674?–1747) [q. v.], archbishop of Canterbury, was born at Cuddesdon, Oxfordshire, in 1718, his father being then bishop of Oxford. The eldest son married beneath his rank in society, the wife, according to Cole, being a bedmaker at Oxford, and Thomas inherited from the father all his personal property, the estate being usually estimated at from 70,000l. to 100,000l. He matriculated from Christ Church, Oxford, on 18 Nov. 1731, aged 13, and graduated B.A. 1735, M.A. 1738. In 1740 he was called to the bar at the Middle Temple, and he held the recordership of Bath. Potter was ambitious, and with the wealth which he had obtained from his father, who had also bestowed on him the lucrative post of principal registrar to the province of Canterbury, he was enabled to embark in politics. In the parliament lasting from 1747 to 1754 he sat, through the favour of the family of Eliot, for the Cornish borough of St. Germans and he acted as secretary to the Prince of Wales from 1748 until the prince's death in 1751. Potter during his first session attacked, in a speech which was ‘for those days extremely violent,’ the conduct of the Duke of Newcastle, who was accused of having exercised undue influence in the election of 1747 for Seaford in Sussex. Henry Pelham indignantly called him to order, and the incident attracted great attention. ‘Mr. Potter the lawyer is a second Pitt for fluency of words. He spoke well and bitterly, but with so perfect an assurance, so unconcerned, so much master of himself, though the first sessions of his being in parliament and first time of opening his mouth there, that it disgusted more than it pleased,’ was the comment of Lady Hervey (Letters, 1821, pp. 110–11). The speech was published in the magazines, and it drew from the old Horace Walpole an anonymous ‘Letter to a certain distinguished Patriot and most applauded Orator on the publication of his celebrated Speech on the Seaford Petition,’ 1748.

Potter's second conspicuous speech in parliament was on the bill for removing the assizes from Aylesbury to Buckingham, a bill introduced owing to a contest between Lord-chief-justice Willes and the Grenvilles. Potter contended for Aylesbury. On 20 March 1751 he opened ‘in an able manner his scheme for an additional duty of two shillings on spirits, to be collected by way of excise,’ and Walpole described him as a ‘young man of the greatest good nature’ and ‘not bashful nor void of vanity’ (Memoirs of George II, i. 69–71). In the session of 1753–4 he introduced a census bill, and, with the support of Pelham, succeeded in passing it through the House of Commons but it was thrown out in the upper house as ‘profane and subversive of liberty,’ and the first census of Great Britain was not taken until 1801. He criticised as a country gentleman the ill-fated expedition of 1757 against the port of Rochefort in France, and this led to a war of pamphlets with Henry Seymour Conway [q. v.]

From 1754 to July 1757 Potter sat for the borough of Aylesbury. He very soon allied himself with the elder Pitt, who wrote to his nephew in October 1756, ‘Mr. Potter is one of the best friends I have in the world.’ His name was on the list of Pitt's candidates for high office, but the king ‘objected in the strongest manner to the promotion as a thing unheard of at the first step in his service’ (Chatham Corresp. i. 187–8). But Pitt was not to be denied, and in December 1756 Potter was re-elected at Aylesbury after appointment as paymaster-general of the land forces. In the following July he became ​ joint vice-treasurer of Ireland, and he held that office until his death.

Though afflicted with bad health, Potter was extremely handsome in person and full of wit. His figure is said to have been introduced into Hogarth's election-print as the handsome candidate ( Nichols , Anecdotes of Hogarth, 1785 ed. p. 335), and he was a member of the witty set that became notorious at Medmenham. Among the associates of John Wilkes he ‘was the worst, and was indeed his [Wilkes's] ruin, who was not a bad man early or naturally. But Potter poisoned his morals’ ( Almon , Wilkes, i. 18–19). Wilkes was connected with Aylesbury, and desired to become member for the borough. A triangular deal was thereupon arranged, in July 1757, by Potter: a vacant seat at Bath was filled by Pitt the place at Okehampton in Devonshire, a borough of the Pitt family which Pitt had vacated, was occupied by Potter and Wilkes succeeded to the seat at Aylesbury. This arrangement cost the new member no less than 7,000l., and, as he had not the ready money, he was introduced by Potter to Jewish moneylenders, and was hopelessly entangled.

After a long decline Potter died at his favourite residence of Ridgmont, near Woburn, Bedfordshire (a property which he possessed through his wife), on 17 June 1759, and was buried on 25 June, at his own desire, in its churchyard, ‘at the west end of the belfry, in a place where no one was used to be buried,’ which he had pointed out to his steward a few days before his death. By his directions his body was dissected, and his lungs and liver were found to be much decayed. At the dictation of his father he married Miss Manningham, whom he treated very badly. She died on 4 Jan. 1744 (Gent. Mag. 1744, p. 53), leaving an only son, a youth of ‘good parts, good nature, and amiable qualities,’ who was sent to Emmanuel College, Cambridge, in October 1756, when Pitt strongly recommended him to his nephew as a desirable acquaintance (Chatham Corresp. i. 172–5). Potter married for his second wife, on 14 July 1747, Miss Lowe of Brightwell, Oxfordshire, with a fortune of 50,000l. by her he had two daughters, one of whom married Malcolm Macqueen, M.D. (d. 1829). To the latter Potter's estates passed. His descendant, Thomas Potter Macqueen, was member for East Looe in Cornwall from 1816 to 1826, and for Bedford county from 1826 to 1830 ( Lysons , Bedfordshire, pp. 97, 127).

In some bibliographical notes contributed to ‘Notes and Queries’ (2nd ser. iv. 1–2, 41–3), Charles Wentworth Dilke [q. v.] gave good reasons for believing that the ‘Essay on Woman,’ although printed at the private press of Wilkes, was written by Potter. The burlesque notes appended to it purported to be by Warburton, and it was suggested that the selection of the bishop's name was due to a quarrel at Ralph Allen's house of Prior Park, near Bath, where both of them had been intimate guests. The suggestion as to the authorship is confirmed by a manuscript note by Dyce in his copy, which states that Wilkes had remarked to William Maltby ‘I am not the author of the “Essay on Woman”: it was written by Potter,’ and gives point to the line in Churchill's ‘Dedication’ describing the denunciations of Warburton on the printing of the poem:

And Potter trembles even in his grave.

Potter was called by Horace Walpole the ‘gallant of Warburton's wife,’ and is said in Churchill's ‘Duellist’ (bk. iii. lines 241–8) and in other satirical publications to have been the father of her only son. Potter wrote to Pitt on 11 May 1756, describing the ‘worthy’ owner of Prior Park (i.e. Warburton) and ‘the present joy at the birth of an heir.’

The name of Potter was printed, with those of Chesterfield, Wilkes, Garrick, and several other wits of the day, on the title-page of ‘The New Foundling Hospital for Wit,’ and some epigrams by him are included in the collection. Letters from him to A. C. Ducarel, describing his travels in France and the Low Countries in 1737, are in Nichols's ‘Illustrations of Literature’ (iii. 687–90), and several letters to Zachary Grey are in the same work (iv. 333–43). He was a correspondent of Pitt, and many of his communications are in the ‘Chatham Correspondence’ (i. 153–366). His letters to George Grenville are in the ‘Grenville Papers’ (i. 102–3, 104–5, 137–48, 155, 166–7, 172–3, 188–9). His library was sold in 1760.

[Gent. Mag. 1747 p. 342, 1759 p. 293 Cole's Addit. MS. Brit. Mus. 5831, ff. 181–3 Watson's Warburton, pp. 559–60 Bridges's Okehampton, p. 140 Gibbs's Aylesbury, pp. 214–20 Nichols's Literary Anecdotes, i. 178, iii. 668 Dyce's Catalogue, ii. 424 Warburton's Letters to Hurd, p. 289 Churchill's Works (ed. 1804), i. 223, 225 Coxe's Pelham Administration, ii. 167, 271 Walpole's George II, i. 69–71, ii. 11 Walpole's George III (ed. Barker), i. 248–9.]


Haplogroup I - Lineage I (9 members) This group consists of 9 men with the surname Potter. The I haplogroup is typically Scandinavian. When found in Great Britain, it indicates arrival either with the Norse invasions of 800-1,000 A.D or as part of the Norman invasion of 1066 led by William the Conqueror who was of Danish descent. According to Ken Norvick’s classification, Group I originated in Norway.1 The name Potter which is English, was adopted later. Family history recounts that the first American Potter in this lineage was Thomas Potter (abt 1710 England-1782 NC) who lived in Virginia and later North Carolina. He is credited with seven sons - Adam, Benjamin, John, Daniel, William, Stephen, and Thomas Jr. They were all born in England except Thomas Jr., born in Virginia.2 So far, descendants of Benjamin, Daniel, and Thomas Jr., have been identified.

Both DNA findings and documents are available for the descendants of Thomas Potter Jr. The descendants of Thomas Jr. through his son William, share a distinctive marker of 15 on DYS 456, while all other Potters sampled are 14. DNA first identified two descendants of John Potter (1763 VA-1807 TN). Recently, Revolutionary War documents became available, providing strong circumstantial evidence that Daniel Potter was their father.3 The descendants of Benjamin Potter by contrast, have a unique mutation on marker DYS 390. The earliest ancestor listed for Kit # 142449 was William Columbus, no date. Since this name was used for three generations, we cannot be sure of his pedigree beyond the first one. However, this relatively unusual name appears in the lineage of Stephen Potter, son of Benjamin and the descendant of William Columbus matches that of another son of Benjamin, Kit # B2411, Benjamin Potter Jr. The two of them are different from all other Potters on DYS 390. They are 24 for that marker, while all others are 23. This leaves Kits # 185447 and 87401. The latter provided no pedigree and so cannot considered. Kit # 185447, now deceased, provided only his own name to his kit but obituaries and family trees posted by his family elsewhere take his line back to a Richard Potter in Georgia whose father is not known, but whose grandfather must have been Thomas Sr. given his perfect DNA match to other Potters.

Thomas Potter Wiki, Biography, Net Worth, Age, Family, Facts and More

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Thomas Joseph Potter is a well known Celebrity. Thomas was born on June 9, 1828 in Scarborough, North Yorkshire, England..Thomas is one of the famous and trending celeb who is popular for being a Celebrity. As of 2018 Thomas Potter is 45 years (age at death) years old. Thomas Potter is a member of famous Celebrity list.

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Name Thomas Potter
Age (as of 2018) 45 years (age at death)
Profession Celebrity
Birth Date June 9, 1828
Birth Place Scarborough, North Yorkshire, England
Nationality Scarborough

Thomas Potter Net Worth

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Estimated Net Worth in 2019: $100K-$1M (Approx.)

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  • Thomas Potter age is 45 years (age at death). as of 2018
  • Thomas birthday is on June 9, 1828.
  • Zodiac sign: Gemini.

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Person:Thomas Potter (17)

POTTER, Thomas, of Thomas and Susannah, [born] Feb. 8, 1695.

"Remains of Mary Babcock and her husband were removed about one hundred years later by Judge William H. Potter of Mystic, CT, to First Hopkinton Cemetery near Potter Hill, RI. Mary Babcock married March 19, 1717, Thomas Potter, son of Thomas and Susanna (Tripp) Potter, of North Kingston, RI, who was born February 8, 1695, and died in Hopkinton, January 8, 1773."

Gravestone reviewed 20 Aug 2001. The printed genealogies give his birth year as 1695 but his gravestone says 1696.

Mary Babcock was Thomas' 2C1R related through Thomas Hazard and Martha Potter.

Dated Nov. 26, 11th yr of reign of King George (1771) proved Feb. 1, 1773 Hopkinton [p. 24-26 Vol. 2].
Wife: Judith sons: William, Jonathan, Stephen, Caleb & George daughters: Mary Clarke, Elizabeth Saunders, Martha Maxson & prob. a dau who married William Sheldon Sr. grandson: William Sheldon Jr. & Jonathan Sheldon. Witnesses: John Coon, Thomas Brumbly, Simeon Perry.

Thomas Potter - History

Thomas Potter II SR
b. 1740-70
d. 1840-50 ? Dallas Co., MO

m. unknown (perhaps a Thomas Woolsey dau. based on DNA evidence, 2013)
her father: unknown
her mother: unknown his father: ? unknown Potter Ireland
his mother: ? unknown Ireland

Elizabeth Potter b. c1780 VA d.1871 possibly in Greene Co., MO m. Mathias Wall Mackey 10 May 1807 Knox Co., KY
(son of Elias Mackey )
2m. Thomas Wilkerson (a widow) abt 1815
William S. Potter b. c1784 VA d. 5 Nov 1857 Polk, MO m. Ruth Mackey 13 Jan 1806 Greene Co., TN
(dau of Elias Mackey )
Mary Potter b. 29 Jan 1782 Tenn d. 5 Aug 1854 Newton / Jasper Co., MO m. Benjamin Mackey 26 Nov 1800 Greene Co., TN
(son of Elias Mackey )
Rev. Thomas J. Potter Esq. JR. b. 1791 TN d. 21 Jan 1865 Greene Co., MO m. Elizabeth Wilkerson
(b. 1797 d. 28 May 1869 Greene co., MO)
James W. Potter b. 1793 Jackson, TN d. 4 Sep 1875 Marshfield, MO m. Rachael Wilkerson
Zacheriah Potter b. 1779
d. m. Mary Ann Plumlee (b. abt 1800 TN)

We have no idea if this Thomas Potter is the immigrant Potter to the colonies. We have found no proof that gives the age or place of birth. There are quite a number of Thomas Potters of the same approximate age and it has proved difficult to find documents that identify the family members. Several of the Potters move into various areas of Kentucky making connections even more problematic. David Seigler states, "The Potters apparently lived in Virginia before moving further west. There are a number of Potters including a couple of Thomas Potters in the early Virginia records but nothing conclusively links the early Potters together into cohesive family groups although they are probably related. One Thomas Potter was probably born about 1740. There was a large family of Quakers named Potter in Shrewsberry, New Jersey for the late 1600's through the late 1700's. In 1677, Thomas Potter married Ann Potter." [records of David Seigler]

1777- At Upper Station in Washington County, Virginia are listed a number of militia members including
Thomas Potter - private

The following land records on the middle fork of the Holston river in Washington County, Virginia lists Thomas Potter , Thomas Woolsey and Elias McKey in close proximity to one another at the same time period. The spelling of Elias Mackey is variously spelled here in these transcriptions as Elias McCoy, Elias McKey, Elias McCay

Page 42 - Jonathan Dean, Jr, assignee of Thomas Woolsey. 241 ac. commissioners Certificate. on the waters of the middle and south forks of Holstein River. Beginning corner with Thomas Woolsey, Sr. land. corner with Jonathan Dean. on Sampson Coles land. corner with Richard Higgins line. corner to George Woolsey. with George Woolsey then with Joseph Cole & Jonathan Dean. May 28, 1782 - Thomas Woolsey , assignee of Irathias Wall, assignee of Elias McCoy . 300 ac. on the waters of the Middle Fork of Holstein, the east side 124 ac of which was conveyed for Elias McCoy , January 11, 1774, includes improvements, by actual settlement made in 1774. August 30, 1781 - Assigned to Jonathan Dean

Page 220 - William Colley. 152 ac. Commissioners Certificate. granted to Richard Brindle, assigned to Colley. on a branch of the Middle fork of Holston River. Beginning corner to Andrew Smothers land. with John Ekys and Andrew Smothers. to John McMurrays land. November 25, 1782 - Richard Brindle, assignee of Elias McKey , assignee of Thomas Potter, assignee of Elias McCay . 200 ac. joining Arthur Bowens lines, 144 ac surveyed for Thomas Potter on June 10, 1774, includes improvements, actual settlement made in 1772. August 28, 1781 - Assigned to William Colley by purchase on October 25, 1782. Signed: Richard Brindle
[Transcription from Jason Potter on, family tree of Thomas Potter]

The following record is on the Holston River, Washington Co., VA. This the earliest record that we have found so far of the connection of the Potter and Mackey families. We believe this makes firm that this Thomas Potter in Washington Co., Virginia is our Thomas. Elias McKey listed here connects these families and continues a tradition of geographic proximity that also lead to the connetion to the Marshall family later on.

    Page 220 - William Colley. 152 ac. Commissioners Certificate. granted to Richard Brindle, assigned to Colley. on a branch of the Middle fork of Holston River. Beginning corner to Andrew Smothers land. with John Ekys and Andrew Smothers. to John McMurrays land. November 25, 1782 - Richard Brindle, assignee of Elias McKey, assignee of Thomas Potter, assignee of Elias McCay. 200 ac. joining Arthur Bowens lines, 144 ac surveyed for Thomas Potter on June 10, 1774, includes improvements, actual settlement made in 1772. August 28, 1781 - Assigned to William Colley by purchase on October 25, 1782. Signed: Richard Brindle
    [Washington County, VA Survey records abstracts 1781-1797 Part 3 of 5 (pages 201-300)]

Page 288 - James Watson, assignee of Thomas Potter , assignee of Frithuies? Wall, assignee of George Finley - 70 ac - Treasury Warrant - on Gross Creek running into the south fork - in a valley - warrant #12166 June 4, 1782 - August 19, 1785
[Washington County, VA Survey records abstracts 1781-1797 Part 3 of 5 (pages 201-300)]

Page 300 - Francis Wilkinson, assignee of Aaron Lewis - 100 ac - Treasury warrant - in the New Garden on Andrew Lynem's fork of Thompson Creek on the waters of Clynch River - warrant dated March 23, 1782, #11573 - September 6, 1785
[Washington County, VA Survey records abstracts 1781-1797 Part 3 of 5 (pages 201-300)]

Page 372 - Sibius Main, assignee of Thomas Potter - 196 ac - treasury warrant #12166 - on the south side of the south fork of Holstein River - March 14, 1788
Washington County, VA Survey records abstracts 1781-1797 Part 4 of 5 (pages 301-400)

1787- a notation in the TAX list for Montgomery Co., Virginia says that John and Thomas Potter moved to North Carolina. Elias Mackey had a land grant in Green Co., NC in 1787 along with William Wilson and Thomas Wilkinson (1796)

Marriage records document family links. [Green Co., TN]

1793 - Thomas Potter and Thomas Gregg recorded early North Carolina land grant for Green Co., NC which later became Green Co., TN. Based on land grants it is assumed that they moved to Tennessee by the the early 1790's and then on to Knox Co., Kentucky.

1802- The Potter family shows up on the Tax List of Knox Co., TN.

Knox County, Kentucky is formed in 1800 from Lincoln County.

1802 - Thomas Potter was listed as owning land on Fighting Creek in Knox Co., KY. but did not show up on the tax list of 1800.

1803 - Thomas Potter is owning land on Meadow Creek. Grants also are to Benjamin Mackey, Brannick Wilkinson, and William Potter all on Meadow Creek. [Land Grants, Kentucky]

1805 - Matthew McKey, Thomas Potter Sr., Thomas Wikerson, who had land on Flat Creek.

1806- Tax lists Thomas Potter, Richard Potter, but no McKeys.

1807 - Tax List of Knox Co., VA

1807-Tax lists Uriah Potter, Thomas, Richard, and Matthew McKey (two times), along with John Potter and Thomas Potter

1810- Uriah Potter bought land in Knox Co. (Bk.B, p.4), as did Richard Potter (Bk.B, p.4).

1815- Uriah Potter sold land to Soloman Carter (bk.B, p.372) and (Bk. B., p.378) Nancy Potter to Solomon Carter (Bk. B., p. 378)

1816 - Richard Potter sold land to David Snauffer (Bk. B, p.473)

1820- US Census. Tennessee, Franklin. p. 201. I'm unsure if we're looking at the correct families here but the naming patterns and ages seem appropriate. The births of the children in 1850 indicate a residence in Tennessee.

1830-William Potter and Thomas Wilkerson are two pages away from each other in the Montgomery Co., Illinois.

Although Thomas Potter(III) Jr. had been a Quaker, he later became a minister in the Church of Christ.

    Thomas Potter Jr. received a land patent to 72 acres in Montgomery Co. Illinois. W 1/2 NWof Sect 31 or 3) Twp. 9, Range 4. Thomas Potter, minister of the Gospel witnessed two pension application in Montgomery Co. [records of David Seigler]

"Jake remembers well the house of John P. Campbell, the only one, where now is our city, in 1831. William Fulbright, Benjamin Cannefax, Joseph Rountree, and Joseph Miller were the nearest residents to where now is Springfield. Jake, in those far-gone days, was accustomed to church-going, to hear the Rev. Thomas Potter, an uncle of Col. Thomas Potter, a leading man and politician of Greene county. " [ "BIOGRAPHY OF JACOB PAINTER, EARLY GREENE COUNTY MILLER & GUNSMITH", Submitted by Maxine Springer. White River Valley Historical Quarterly. 1985]

1835-Thomas Potter sold land to Benjamin Cox and to James Blakely (Bk. D, p. 256 and Bk. D, p. 256 and Bk. D, p.235).

1836- Ruth Potter sold land to Joseph Pritchard (Bk. D, p. 303)

1836 - 1841- Reverend Thomas Potter establishes one of the early schools in "near the Pomme de Terre" river. [Encyclopedia of the History of Missouri 107]

In the history of Green county, Missouri, "Among the early seattlers were ministers, who came to make homes as did others. They preached at times in cabins, sometimes going considerable distances on invitation, and always finding attentive auditors. Out of this preaching grew many of the now existing churches. . earliest Christian ministers were Thomas Potter, near the James, and Joel H. Haden, at Springfield. " [Encyclopedia of the History of Missouri 108]

1844, Sept 10- Thomas Potter, Senior files a land claim in Springfield, MO for land in Greene Co.

    "the east half of the south west quarter of Section four in township twenty-nine, range twenty in the district subject to sale at Springfield, Missouri, containing eighty acres." #4609 [records of US Bureau of Land Management, Accesssion #MO5210_.095]

An adjoining property "the north east quarter of Section nine of township twenty-nine," at the same time "containing one hundred and sixty acres", #4003 [records of US Bureau of Land Management]

Another adjoining property "the East half of the Northwest quarter of Section nine, in Section twenty nine of range twenty in the district of Springfield, Missiouri containing eighty acres", #4620 [records of US Bureau of Land Management]

On the same day.
Thomas Potter Junior files a land claim in Springfield, MO for land in Greene Co., "Lot number six and the east half of lot number seven, of the northeast fractical corner of section five, in township twenty nine of Range twenty west, in the District of Lands subject to sale at Springfield Missouri containing one hundred and thirty seven acres and thirty hundredths of an acre." #4129 [records of US Bureau of Land Management]

    Thomas Potter Jr. files a land claim in Springfield, MO. "The east half of lot number five of the NorthEast fractional quarter of section five of Range twenty West , . containing forty acres and twenty five hundredths of an acre." #6362 [records of US Bureau of Land Management]
    James Potter of Greene County Missouri files a land claim for land in "the east half of the northwest quarter of Section Twenty eight, in Township twenty eight of Range Twenty Three West, in the district of lands subject to sale in Springfield Missouri containing eighty acres." #5220 [records of US Bureau of Land Management]
    James Potter of Greene County Missouri files a land claim for land in "the east half of the northeast quarter of Section Twenty one, in Township twenty eight of Range Twenty Three West, in the district of lands subject to sale in Springfield Missouri containing forty acres." #5839 [records of US Bureau of Land Management]
    Thomas Potter Jr. files a land patent for "The west half of lot number five. containing forty acres and twenty five hundredths of an acre." #8545 [records of US Bureau of Land Management]
    Thomas Potter Jr. files a land patent for "The west quarter of the South West quarter of Section Thirty four of township thirty of range twenty lot number five. containing forty acres " #8546 [records of US Bureau of Land Management]
    James Potter of Greene County Missouri files a land claim for land in "the east half of the lot number two north west of fractional quarter of Section Four, in Township twenty nine of Range Twenty Two West, in the district of lands subject to sale in Springfield Missouri containing thirty nine and eighty five hundredth acres." #8721 [records of US Bureau of Land Management]

1850- US Census, Missouri, Greene Co., Jackson Township. page 383.

Thomas Potter 55 m farmer 1500 Tenn.
Elizabeth " 52 f Tenn.
John " 28 m Tenn.
Brunetta " 22 f Tenn.
Elijah " 20 m Tenn.
Elisha Potter 25 m Tenn.
next door
Henry " 26 m Tenn.
Martha " 22 f Tenn.
Mary F. " 1 f MO
on same page
William J. Potter 30 m " Tenn.
Francis " 29 f NC
Lucy " 12 f Mo
Richard B. " 5 m "
Sarah E. " 4 f "
James Y. " 1 m

page 384
Thomas Potter 44 m farmer 2500 KY
Rachael " 44 f NC
John M. " 21 m Ill.
Marshal B. " 18 m MO
Asbury I. " 15 m MO
Eliza A. " 12 f MO
Andrew J. " 10 m MO
Thomas M. " 7 m MO
Mary E. " 6 f MO
Lewis C. " 2 f MO
next door
Elizabeth Popejoy 30 f " 800 Tenn
Elias Marshal 19 f Ill.
William J. " 15 m MO
James N. " 13 m MO
Ruthy J. " 12 f MO
Martha E. " 10 f MO
John W. " 7 m MO
Lucritia Popejoy 4 f MO
Washington " 2 m MO

page 385.
James Potter 41 m farmer Tenn
Polly " 30 f "
Cynthia A. " 12 f MO
Georgi " 10 m MO
William " 9 m MO
Zack " 6 m MO
Ruthy F. " 6/12 f MO

    James W. Potter of Polk County Missouri files a land patent for eighty acres in Springfield district. The record is very difficult to read. #8517 [US Bureau of Land Mangement]
    James Potter of Greene County Missouri files a land patent for forty acres in Springfield district. "the west half of lot number two of the North East fractional quarter of Section four of township twenty-nine of range twenty-two of lands subject to sale in Springfield County Missouri containing forty Acres." #10683 [US Bureau of Land Mangement]

1876- Jacob Painter said that Rev. Thomas Potter and William Potter were brothers. An annotation to the article states that Thomas Potter was a Quaker and later became a Church of Christ preacher. (Wm. Carter)[Springfield Mo. Patriot Advertizer, 28 Dec. 1876]

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Thomas Mayer: a very intelligent potter

Thomas Mayer is an elusive figure in Staffordshire pottery history. We know little of his early life records indicate he was born in Staffordshire around 1800[i]. He was married in 1826 to Charlotte Bridges Adams, the wedding taking place in London. A daughter, Mary, was born and christened in Stoke-upon-Trent in December, 1827. About that time, and in that same town, Mayer occupied a pottery, “At the top of Stoke, called Cliff Bank, is the manufactory, (now occupied by Mr. Thomas Mayer, a very intelligent potter,).”[ii] It was an old factory, but it was on those premises that Mayer produced the remarkable set of patterns for the American market known by collectors today as the Arms of the States series.

Mayer made both earthenware and china at Cliff Bank, and was still listed there in 1835. In 1836 Thomas Mayer acquired the factory of Joseph Stubbs who was declining business because of ill health. In the same year the North Staffordshire Chamber of Commerce was founded, and Mayer paid a subscription based on the number of pottery ovens on his factory, seven are noted.[iii] Stubbs died in 1837, his widow left her home in 1838 and the Mayer family moved into the house adjacent to the manufactory which was in Dale Hall, a district of Longport, Burslem in the Staffordshire Potteries. Perhaps in his new business Thomas Mayer needed more capital, or more help and he was joined by his brother, 1841 trade directory lists “Mayer, Thomas & John”. By 1846 Thomas & John were joined by another brother, Joseph[iv] and they continued in business at Dale Hall as T. J. & J. Mayer. The 1851 census tells us that Thomas and Charlotte B. Mayer lived at Dale Hall, Sandy Butts in the parish of St. Paul’s, Burslem. They lived well, their 15 year old-niece Flora Adams was living with them at the time of the census, and a cook, a housemaid, and a footman were live-in servants. We also learn that 50 year-old Thomas, listed as an Earthenware Manufacturer, was born in Newcastle, Staffordshire, while 56 year-old Charlotte was born in London.

The business continued as T. J. & J. Mayer until the time of Thomas’s death in October 1855. His will, proved in May 1856, left all his personal property including “ all my household furniture, cash in the house, paintings, prints, plate, linen, china, glass, and liquors of every kind, and all other effects which shall be in and about my dwelling house, and also the carriage and horses … unto my dear wife Charlotte Bridges Mayer” . He left his real estate holdings to his wife and to his son-in-law John Pike a wealthy clay merchant in Wareham, Dorset, and it was in Dorset with her daughter and family that Charlotte retired to spend the last years of her life.

Thomas Mayer is remembered as a potter who had an extensive trade with America. He made a great many printed wares with Romantic American themes for the export trade, but his Arms of the States series, made at the Cliff Bank Pottery, Stoke-upon-Trent, will stand as evidence of his brief participation in the short lived fashion for the rich dark blue printed patterns.

POTTER, Thomas (?1718-59), of Ridgmont, Beds.

b. ?1718, 2nd s. of Rt. Rev. John Potter, bp. of Oxford (abp. of Canterbury 1737-47), by a da. of one Venner. educ. Ch. Ch. Oxf. 18 Nov. 1731, aged 13 M. Temple 1736, called 1740. m. (1) 17 Feb. 1740, Anne (d. 4 Jan. 1744), da. of Rev. Thomas Manningham, rector of Slinfold, Suss., 1s. (2) 14 July 1747, a da. of one Lowe of Brightwell, Oxon., 2da. suc. fa. 1747.

Offices Held

Sec. to Prince of Wales 1748-51 jt. paymaster gen. Nov. 1756-Apr. 1757 jt. vice-treasurer [I] July 1757- d.


While still under his father’s roof at Lambeth Palace, Potter started on a life of dissipation. Reputed joint author with John Wilkes of the Essay on Woman, for which Wilkes was prosecuted, he may well have been its sole author and Wilkes merely its printer.1 The heir to his father's fortune of £100,000 (his elder brother was disinherited), he soon made his mark on the House of Commons. He was at first a follower of the Prince of Wales and after 1751 joined the Pitt-Grenville group. Horace Walpole, in his survey of the House at the end of 1755, included Potter among its foremost speakers2 and Newcastle, in May 1757, named him in his list of ‘Speakers or Efficient Men’.3

In 1754 Potter was returned for Aylesbury apparently unopposed. In Dupplin's list of the new Parliament he was classed as ‘doubtful’ on 13 Nov. 1755 he voted with Pitt and the Grenvilles against the Address in a letter to Temple, in October 1755, spoke of ‘the destruction of the Duke of Newcastle’ as ‘the great end’ of his life and in 1756 was described by Pitt as one of the best friends he had in the world. When Newcastle's resignation was imminent, Potter wrote to Pitt on 17 Oct. 1756:

If anything should take place, think on Pratt for attorney. If you have the lead in the House of Commons, ’tis fit you should have at your elbow a lawyer of your own. He may be brought into Parliament . for Lord Feversham's borough of Downton.4

The advice was sound but few if any would have presumed to proffer it to Pitt in that familiar, offhand manner—had perhaps Potter broken through the wall of Pitt's tense isolation, and planted himself where others dreaded to enter?

When the new Administration was being formed in November 1756, Potter was marked out for joint paymaster. The King, Devonshire told Temple, ‘objected in the strongest manner . as a thing unheard of at the first step in his service’ yet it was done. But when they kissed hands, on 4 Dec., Potter was too ill to attend. He felt ‘doomed to the wicker chair for the rest of his life’ and spent much of his time at Prior Park near Bath, at the hospitable house of Ralph Allen (whom he repaid by obscene ridicule directed in the Essay on Woman against Bishop Warburton, who was married to Allen's favourite niece). In the Newcastle-Pitt Administration of July 1757, Potter became joint vice-treasurer of Ireland—‘most people thought he was not entitled to an employment of such rank and profit’, wrote Charles Lyttelton.5

The assumption of office by Pitt and Potter and Henley's promotion to keeper of the great seal vacated their seats, and a reshuffle ensued, engineered by Potter and paid for by Wilkes.6 Pitt replaced Henley at Bath, Potter Pitt at Okehampton, and Wilkes Potter at Aylesbury. Further—

Sir Robert Henley [wrote Potter to Allen at the end of June] has promised to resign the recordership [of Bath] when we choose he should . He mentioned Mr. Pratt as a fit person, but, if you approve it, I have many reasons which induce me to take it myself, having had an education at the bar, and being, I trust, qualified for it.

And so Potter came to hold the recordership of Bath after Northington and before Camden.

On a vacancy in the representation of Bedfordshire Potter wrote to the Duke of Bedford from Prior Park on 30 Sept. 1758:

Your Grace will not I hope think it presumtption in me if I offer myself (not to the county my Lord) but to your Grace. I should propose to vacate Okehampton, and fill up the place for the county. At the next election, I or my son should be infinitely honoured by being joined with Lord Tavistock .

I have no other merit to boast than the share of property I hold in the county, and the goodwill of most of my neighbours . Hitherto I have been a voluntary vagabond. Your Grace chose that I should be so, and I have submitted.

Bedford, in his reply on 2 Oct., promised his fullest support on this occasion, but would not give ‘any absolute promise for the next general election’.

I have always showed my willingness to act with you in the utmost harmony in what relates to the county, and nothing but your having declared to me, that your connexions were different from mine could have made me wish to see you elected out of this neighbourhood. I have given orders for advertising a meeting at Bedford for Wednesday the 25th instant.

Thus Potter was reasonably certain of being elected yet he stood down. On 14 Oct. he wrote to the Duke:

It has pleased God to disappoint those views of mine which your Grace was pleased to favour. I am once more struck upon the bed of sickness nor is there an expectation that I should rise from it so as to be able to present myself on the 25th, to the meeting of the county.

And to Pitt, still from Prior Park, on 25 Oct.:

I have been obliged to renounce the project in Bedfordshire, by which I have renounced an establishment for my son for to him I should have resigned at the general election, depending for myself on the friendship of my good host, who is more to me than a father.

Which means he had expected, in about two years time, to turn once more a ‘voluntary vagabond’, and be elected at Bath.7

The Duchess of Bedford wrote to her husband on 5 Nov.:

People begin to come round to my opinion that there was some mystery in Mr. Potter's declining to stand for the county, whether there was or no I think it much better as it is.

About the same time Temple wrote to Grenville: ‘Potter exceedingly ill’.8 He died 17 June 1759.

Dictionary of National Biography, 1901 supplement/Potter, Thomas Bayley

POTTER, THOMAS BAYLEY (1817–1898), politician, born on 29 Nov. 1817 at Manchester, was the younger son of Sir Thomas Potter, knt., by his wife Esther, daughter of Thomas Bayley of Booth Hall, near Manchester.

Sir Thomas Potter (1773–1845) and his brother Richard Potter (1778–1842) were Unitarians and leading members of the Manchester school of liberals. They were among the founders of the 'Manchester Guardian,' and afterwards of the 'Times' (of Manchester), later called the 'Examiner and Times.' Thomas, after actively promoting the incorporation of Manchester, was elected its first mayor in 1838. During his second mayoralty, in 1839, he was knighted he died at Burle Hill, near Manchester, on 20 March 1845 (Gent. Mag. 1845, i. 562). A portrait of him is in the office of the lord mayor in Manchester town hall. His brother Richard, known as 'Radical Dick,' was elected M.P. for Wigan in the first reformed parliament in 1832 and again in 1835 and 1837 he died at Penzance on 13 July 1842 (Gent. Mag. 1842, ii. 429). The brothers founded the wholesale house in the Manchester trade so long known as 'Potter's,' and it became a rendezvous for political and philanthropic reformers. The business was first carried on in Cannon Street, and was removed to George Street in 1836. It was one of the rooms in the George Street premises that was called 'the Plotting Room.'

Thomas Bayley Potter first attended Mr. John's school in George Street, Manchester. At the age of ten he went with his elder brother, John, to Dr. Carpenter's school at Bristol. Dr. Carpenter used to read aloud the parliamentary debates, and of about sixteen boys who attended during Potter's time eight became liberal members of parliament. From Bristol Potter went to Rugby under Dr. Arnold. While he was there the reform ​ bill passed, and immediately on leaving school, at the age of sixteen, he took part in his uncle Richard's election at Wigan. In 1833 he joined the London University, the only one open to him as a Unitarian.

On returning to Manchester Potter became a partner in the family business, and a vigorous supporter of the family politics. At the age of twenty-three he was chairman of the Manchester branch of the Complete Suffrage Society. In 1845, on the death of his father, his brother John became head of the firm now known as 'Potter & Norris.' John was mayor of Manchester during three successive years, and was knighted in 1851 he was elected M.P. for Manchester on 30 March 1857, and died on 25 Oct. 1858. At the time of the Crimean war a temporary estrangement occurred between the Potters who supported the war, and the party of Bright and Cobden who opposed the war. Sir John stood for Manchester in 1857 in opposition to Bright, and, with the support of his brother Thomas, was elected at the: head of the poll. In the following year Sir John died, and his brother Thomas became head of the firm. The split in the liberal party was soon repaired, and long before 1861 Potter was again co-operating with his old friends. In that year he warmly espoused the cause of the North Americans in the American civil war, and in 1863 founded the Union and Emancipation Society, which he carried on at great cost of money and labour during the continuance of the American war. His friendship with Richard Cobden became very strong, and in 1865, when Cobden died, he was elected to succeed him in the representation of Rochdale, his candidature being warmly recommended by John Bright. In the general election which happened a few months later the seat was not contested, but in the six following general elections he fought hard fights, winning with substantial majorities. In 1886 he stood as a home-ruler. Shortly after the death of his partner, Mr. Francis Taylor, which occurred about 1870, the business was sold, and Potter ended his commercial connection with Manchester. In 1895 failing health compelled him to retire from parliament. During his thirty years in the House of Common, he was a consistent supporter of free trade and of the principles of political freedom. He seldom spoke, but was a diligent member. He introduced a bill in 1876 designed to abolish the law of primogeniture, the second reading of which was lost by only thirty-five votes. Outside the house he gave influential and substantial support to many public movements for example, to that for the unity of Italy, and for many years he had a close personal friendship with Garibaldi. In 1879 he visited America with the object of encouraging the adoption of free trade in the United States. While at Boston he was elected the first honorary member of the Merchants' Club.

The most important work of Potter's life was the establishment and successful conduct during many years of the Cobden Club. This society was started in 1866, partly at the suggestion of Professor Thorold Rogers, and was intended to educate the people by means of printed publications, lectures, and otherwise in the principles of free trade as held by Richard Cobden. Potter himself acted as secretary, and for some time as chairman of the club, and in 1890, twenty-four years after its establishment, received from Gladstone, in the presence of several distinguished statesmen, an address setting forth the valuable public work accomplished by the club under his guidance.

At the end of his life Potter spent his vacations in Cobden's old home at Midhurst, where he died on 6 Nov. 1898.

In 1846 Potter married Mary, daughter of Samuel Ashton of Gee Cross, Hyde. They had four sons and one daughter, of whom, the third and fourth sons, Arthur and Richard, and the daughter Edith survive their father. Mrs. Potter died at Cannes in 1885, and Potter, in 1887, married Helena, daughter of John Hicks of Bodmin, who survives him.

Potter was popular in the House of Commons with men of all parties. His appearance was that of a stout Yorkshireman, with a florid complexion and he was jestingly spoken of as 'the greatest man in the house,' his weight amounting to eighteen stone.

Dr Robin Eagles looks at the colourful life of Thomas Potter, who was first elected to parliament in the summer of 1747…

During the summer of 1747, the ministry of Henry Pelham responded to a challenge caused by the heir to the throne, Frederick, Prince of Wales, returning to opposition by calling a snap general election. Taken by surprise, Frederick’s party fared badly in the polls but among the new intake who were successful in securing seats in the prince’s interest was one of the more colourful MPs of the mid-eighteenth century: Thomas Potter.

Potter was a younger son of John Potter, who had risen from relative obscurity as the son of a Yorkshire merchant to be variously fellow of Lincoln College, Oxford, regius professor of Divinity, Bishop of Oxford and ultimately Archbishop of Canterbury. Thomas may have been the second son but was preferred by his father after his elder brother contracted an unsuitable marriage. He was noted for his good looks – he is probably the ‘handsome candidate’ in plate 1 (an election entertainment) of Hogarth’s series: The Humours of an Election, 1755 – and his non-existent morals. Later accusations that he was prone to Satanism misunderstand and grossly exaggerate the character of Sir Francis Dashwood‘s circle of ‘Medmenham Monks’ (dubbed the Hellfire club) of which he was a prominent member however he was probably the main author of the pornographic Essay on Woman for which John Wilkes, a friend and protégé of Potter’s, was later convicted and sent to prison. Potter was also said to have been responsible for plunging his young friend Wilkes into debt, having encouraged him to waste what money he had on expensive electioneering and to fund his ongoing political career through recourse to moneylenders.

All this may not appear so very significant except when one considers the extent to which Potter was able to finance his louche lifestyle through the fortune he ultimately inherited from his archiepiscopal father (reputedly £90,000). He was also able to benefit through the office he held during his father’s lifetime of principal registrar of the province of Canterbury it was thanks to his father’s interest too that he was made recorder of Bath. He owed it to the Grenville faction that he was made joint vice treasurer of Ireland and, presumably also to this connection, that he was appointed to the household of the princess of Wales as secretary.

As a member of the Commons, Potter was not particularly distinguished, though in his first season in the chamber he was reckoned a potential rival to the great William Pitt the Elder as an orator. Thereafter, his career waned. He suggested increasing the duty on spirits as a way of combatting the gin craze but his principal claim to fame was in moving a bill for a national census in 1753, anticipating the eventual decision to undertake such a scheme by almost a century. In keeping with his melodramatic life, Potter’s end was premature and pathetic. Having suffered for many years from various ailments, he eventually succumbed at the age of 41. Most of the goods from his estate at Ridgmont in Bedfordshire, including livestock and plants, had to be auctioned off.

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